BSc Agriculture versus BTech (agricultural engineering)? The expert gives an overview

(The Right Choice’ is a series by The Indian Express that tackles common questions, misconceptions and doubts surrounding undergraduate admissions. You can read the stories here.)

Agriculture is a major contributor to the national economy in India, creating demand for professionals with strong technical skills in the field. However, there is a general lack of awareness about the growth and future prospects of courses in the region. .

Here is an overview of two popular courses in agriculture – Bachelor of Science (BSc) Agriculture and Bachelor of Technology (BTech) Agriculture Engineering.

Course Structure

BSc in Agriculture is a four-year undergraduate degree that aims to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of agricultural science. It is an ideal option for a student interested in learning the basics of agriculture.

Highlighting the structure of the program, Chandra Mohan Mehta, Assistant Dean of the School of Agriculture at Lovely Professional University, said, “The program helps students learn about agricultural practices. The training received through the course will help them think about how to increase productivity and improve the quality of agriculture in a sustainable way. They are taught to farm using environmentally friendly and biosafe practices.

BTech (Agriculture Engineering), on the other hand, is a four-year engineering program, which teaches students the methodology for using technology and automation in agriculture and food production.

“In this course, everything revolves around the use of technology in agriculture. Society needs a technology driven agricultural process to meet the needs of all living things. This is the reason why B.Tech in Agriculture programs are available in all Indian agricultural colleges and universities,” Mehta said.

Perimeter of higher education

Candidates who successfully complete the BSc. Agriculture can choose to take an agribusiness management course, a Master of Science (MSc) specializing in agriculture, or an MBA. They are also qualified to hold professional positions in public and private institutions.

The Agriculture Engineering BTech can help students secure jobs at the National Seed Corporation, Food Corporation of India, various state agricultural corporations, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), among others. Additionally, they can choose to take the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) for admission to graduate programs.

“While there are many opportunities for continuing education, a BSc in agriculture is a preferable option if individuals are more interested in research than technical fields,” Mehta said.

India has some of the best private and government agricultural colleges. BTech in Agriculture is offered at Indira Gandhi Agricultural University Raipur, University of Agriculture Jodhpur, ITM University Gwalior among others. BSc Agriculture is offered at Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, and Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, among others.

Employment prospects

Mehta said the BTech in Agricultural Engineering has “an edge over the BSc. Agriculture in terms of employment options and remuneration”.

“Around Rs 3 lakh is offered as the average annual earnings for these graduates. However, the average earnings of BTech graduates in Agricultural Engineering could reach Rs 7 lakh per year. One of the reasons for this huge difference is the current need for modern farming techniques. Tech graduates are paid more than their counterparts,” Mehta explained.

Amalia H. Mercado